The Executive Vice Chairman/CEO of ENL Consortium Limited and Chairman, Seaport Terminal Operators of Nigeria (STOAN), Princess (Dr.) Vicky Haastrup, in this interview speaks on the impact of import restrictions and other topical maritime industry issues.
Do you think the passage of the Port and Harbour Bill will aid port operation?
The Port and Harbour Bill has been in the National Assembly for years with each successive legislative assembly failing to pass it into law. The bill is at various stages of passage in the lower and upper chamber of the National Assembly in the seventh assembly. However, it was not passed into law until the lawmakers ended their session. You are aware that the bill, which has provisions for various aspects of port operations, especially the roles and responsibilities of key players in the nation’s seaports, also suffered the same fate in the sixth assembly. You will agree with me that the maritime industry is suffering because of its non-passage.
That is why I want Mr. President and the Minister of Transport to work hard to ensure that the Port and Harbour Bill is promptly passed into law.
The Minister of Transport must work harmoniously with the National Assembly, especially the Senate Committee on Marine Transport as well the relevant House Committees to ensure that the bill is passed into law.
I strongly believe that if the Minister of Transport and the relevant committees in the legislative arm of government work closely, the passage of the bill into law would no longer suffer any delay.
What is your position on the restriction on rice importation by the past government via imposition of high tariff?
There is no need to place any restrictions on the importation of rice into the country as it does not make any economic sense to do so. It is common knowledge that neighbouring countries such as the Republic of Benin and Togo rather than Nigeria are the ones benefitting from the restrictions on the importation of rice into the country. Since local rice producers cannot meet the present demand for rice consumption which is 1.7 million metric tons per annum, it makes no sense to restrict the importation of the commodity.
I agree that we must look inwards as a nation but it has to be properly planned. It has to be gradual so that we do not lose the revenue accruing from import duty on rice to the ports located in our neighbouring countries.
As I speak to you, all the rice imported into the Republic of Benin and Togo end up in the Nigerian market as a result of the porosity of our borders. Even if we keep security operatives at the land borders 24 hours, smugglers will still bring in the rice into Nigeria through the numerous illegal routes all over the place. We should not deceive ourselves. We cannot be losing huge revenues while our neighbours are gaining. Yet, we say Nigeria is broke. This is the time we need all the money to take care of our basic needs. We should not hold the short end of the stick through acts of commission or omission.
Go to the ports situated in our neighbouring countries, they are experiencing high activities. They are filled to the brim with rice-laden vessels. They are even trying to expand some of their terminals to take in more rice-laden vessels. Nigeria is where the market is. Therefore, all those bags of rice imported through the ports in the Republic of Benin and Togo end up in the Nigerian markets. Go to the open markets, you will see different kinds of assorted brands of foreign rice on display. Where does this foreign rice come from? Your guess is as good as mine.
What is the solution to the perennial Apapa gridlock?
The gridlock in Apapa and the poor state of the port access roads is a shame. I have no doubt in my mind that the building of holding bay or parking lot will help to decongest the port access roads. It will also ease the traffic snarl in Apapa and its environs.
However, it is not the responsibility of terminal operators to provide loading bays to trucks coming inside the port to do business. That is the responsibility of the truck owners. They are in business to make money. All the truck owners should come together and provide a loading bay for their trucks. They should provide the loading bay for their trucks because it is not proper for them to use their business to hamper other business operators in the Apapa and its environs.
By the way, government can show them the way to go. What happens to the loading bay that is 95 per cent complete opposite Tin Can Island Port Complex? Why is the federal government not putting it into immediate use to solve the gridlock in Apapa?
Though the idea of asking the trucks and other articulated vehicles to move on only one lane of the road while other motorists move on the other lane is a temporary relief but to me that will be tantamount to creating another problem in a bid to solve one. Has the authority considered the implication of allowing those heavy duty trucks park for days in some cases for months on the bridges and the roads? Apart from the security implication, do the authorities take cognizance of the heavy weight of these vehicles on the bridges linking the roads to Apapa? Have they taken a look at these bridges and the roads?
Some of these roads and bridges were constructed over 50 years ago. They were not constructed to carry stationary weight for long hours, not to talk of days or weeks. Some of them already have cracks. When last did structural engineers and other professionals carry out thorough checks and studies of these bridges? If they have done so, what are the measures put in place in the short, medium and long term to implement the recommendations made by these professionals? I hope we are not waiting for one of these bridges to cave in one of these days before something is done.
STOAN is in court with Nigerian Shippers’ Council. Is there a possibility of resolving the dispute out of court as proposed by some stakeholders?
The executives and members of STOAN are not averse to dialogue on the suit the association instituted against the Nigerian Shippers Council (NSC) in the court. As far as STOAN is concerned, we are not closing our doors against out of court settlement. We are all stakeholders. We want the best for the maritime industry. Therefore, we will not close our doors against the idea of settlement. Our doors are open for discussion.
By the way, let me clarify that it is not true that some members of STOAN are opposing the case we instituted against Nigerian Shippers Council. All the stories making rounds in certain quarters are tissues of lies. They are false and fabricated stories.
What has been the impact of the auto policy on port operation?
The auto policy of the Federal Government of Nigeria is good. It is a good policy because over time it will help Nigeria and Nigerians to hold their own. It will also arrest capital flight and provide employment opportunities for our teeming youths presently roaming the streets for non-existent jobs.
However, the implementation of the policy ought to be in phases and gradual. This is due to the fact that there are many things we ought to put in place before we start the implementation of the policy. For instance, we need to put a structure in place. We need to have the infrastructural facilities on ground. We need a robust steel industry. We need to have regular electricity supply. This is because if you buy diesel at the prevailing price to power a generator for the production of a car, by the time you add other variables, the cost will be so high that it would be beyond the reach of an average Nigerian. The cost of the locally produced vehicles would be far ahead of the ones produced overseas. At the end of the day, the essence of the auto policy will be defeated.
At present, we are losing from all fronts. The restriction place on imported vehicles, especially the fairly used ones popularly called “tokunbo” has resulted in the stagnation of the terminals built purposely to handle imported vehicles – that is the roll on, roll off (RoRo) ports. If you go to Five Star Logistics or Grimaldi, they are virtually idle because there is little or no business. Yet the same kind of ports in our neighbouring countries such as Republic of Benin and Togo are booming with big business.
The importers are diverting these used vehicles there. These countries are making a lot of money from import duties and other levies collected from the ship owners and other port users while Nigeria is losing. Yet through smuggling and other shady deals, these vehicles end up in Nigeria because this is where the market is. How can we be losing huge income to other countries when we need all the money to meet demands?
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