AfCFTA: World Bank asks African countries to remove trade barriers

World Bank permits $1.2bn grants, loans to Ethiopia


In order to reap the benefits of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), non-tariff barriers and hurdles affecting cross-border goods movement must be addressed, the World Bank Group has said.

In a report titled ‘Can African Trade Integration Be A Game Changer?’, the World Bank noted that AfCFTA, which hopes to connect 54 countries with a combined population of 1.3 billion and GDP of $3.4 trillion, has several challenges to overcome.

It noted that African businesses should also see the opportunities in AfCFTA, as its research suggests that the agreement has the potential to bring significant economic and social benefits in the form of faster economic growth, higher incomes, and less poverty.

The World Bank also stated that in addition to ministries of trade involved in the negotiations, other government agencies in each country should also become familiar with AfCFTA and learn the key role they may be called to play in its implementation on the ground.

It added that tackling non-tariff barriers and hurdles affecting cross-border crossings of goods was paramount, as well as reducing barriers to trade in services because each country has its own regulations covering industries such as logistics and transport, financial services, tourism, and communications.

“The agreement faces several challenges. However. the African private sector, including SMEs that could benefit from AfCFTA, should become more familiar with the different chapters of the treaty and learn how the topics addressed – such as the liberalisation of trade in services – can be leveraged to boost their businesses.

“So, signing the agreement is just the first step. It will take much more to unlock AfCFTA’s potential gains in trade, investment, and jobs. African nations will need to support the AfCFTA Permanent Secretariat, based in Accra, Ghana, which is charged with administering the agreement.  Domestic laws and regulations will need to be harmonised with the agreement’s protocols on investment, intellectual property rights, competition and digital trade,” the report stated.

To reap the gains of the free trade agreement, the World Bank said stakeholders must encourage progressive liberalisation of cross-border trade and investment policies in line with AfCFTA protocols to establish the groundwork for regional value chains in Africa.

It also advised member states to strengthen cross-border trade and investment in services by facilitating trade in digital services, removing FDI restrictions, and liberalising the movement of workers.

“It is now up to the member states – and champions within to lead – working together with the private sector and civil society, to ensure that the promise of the AfCFTA can finally be a game changer for Africa and reap its many benefits for its people,” the report further stated.

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