Nigeria’s inflation rate hits 25 month high at 12.4% in May

Inflation Market Lagos


Nigeria’s annual inflation rate rose for the ninth consecutive month to 12.4 percent in May from 12.34 percent in April. This represents the highest inflation rate in 25 months since April 2018.

The Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (NBS) disclosed this in its Consumer Price Index report for May 2020. The annual inflation rate represents rate of increase in prices of goods and services.

The inflation rate has been on the rising trend, from 11 percent in September last year, initially driven by the effect of the border closure but now compounded by the effect of the COVID-19 induced restrictions across the country.

The NBS in its May 2020 CPI report said, “The consumer price index, (CPI) which measures inflation increased by 12.40 percent, year-on-year, YoY, in May 2020. This is 0.06 percent points higher than the rate recorded in April 2020 (12.34) percent.

“Increases were recorded in all COICOP divisions that yielded the Headline index.

“On month-on-month basis, the Headline index increased by 1.17 percent in May 2020, this is 0.15 percent rate higher than the rate recorded in April 2020 (1.02) percent.

“The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending May 2020 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 11.79 percent, showing 0.08 percent point from 11.71 percent recorded in April 2020.”

The NBS report further showed that Food inflation rose by one basis points (bpts) to 15.04 percent, YoY from 15.03 percent in April 2020.Core inflation advanced by 14 bps to 10.12 percent, YoY to 9.98 percent, YoY, while Urban inflation rose by two bps to 13.03 percent, YoY.

Similarly, the rural index also rose by 1.16 percent in May 2020, up by 0.18 points from 0.9 percent in April 2020.

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