The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) has ordered Nigeria to immediately release a Swiss tanker, its cargo and crew after Switzerland provides relevant guarantees,The tribunal, on Saturday, delivered its order concerning the arrest and detention of MT San Padre Pio in Nigeria.
The tribunal prescribed, pending a decision by the Annex VII arbitral tribunal, that “Switzerland shall post a bond or other financial security, in the amount of USD14million with Nigeria in the form of a bank guarantee”.
In addition, Switzerland was ordered to ensure that the Master and the three officers of the ship are available and present at the criminal proceedings in Nigeria, according to the tribunal. After satisfying the abovementioned conditions, Nigeria should release the ship, its Master and crew and ensure that the officers are allowed to leave the territory and maritime areas under the jurisdiction of Nigeria, the tribunal ruled
In late January 2018, the Nigerian Navy intercepted and arrested the 7,600dwt vessel while it was engaged in ship-to-ship transfers of gasoil in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Nigeria.
The tanker, operated by Swiss ABC Maritime, was allegedly arrested due to “unauthorized entry into Nigerian waters and illegal fuel trading”, although the ship’s captain claimed that San Padre Pio had permission to ship the fuel into the country.
It was reportedly the tanker’s fifth visit to Nigeria. The 2012-built vessel was then ordered to proceed to Nigerian Port Harcourt, where it is still detained. The 16 crewmembers were moved to a prison and charged with “conspiring to distribute and deal with petroleum product without lawful authority or appropriate license, and with having done so with respect to the petroleum product onboard”.
The charges were later amended to apply only to the Master, three officers and the vessel.
Thereafter, the other crew members were released from prison and returned to the vessel, while the Master and the three officers stayed in prison before they were released and returned to the vessel upon the provision of bail in April 2018.
Under the bail conditions set by the Federal High Court, the Master and the three officers are not allowed to travel outside Nigeria without prior approval or order of the court.
Switzerland claims that bunkering activities carried out by the vessel in Nigeria’s exclusive economic zone are part of the freedom of navigation and that it has exclusive jurisdiction as the flag state over the ship with respect to such activities.
ITLOS said that “it appears that the rights claimed by Switzerland in the present case are plausible”.
In April 2019, San Padre Pio was attacked by four armed pirates while anchored off Bonny. Two perpetrators managed to board the tanker and opened fire towards the accommodation.
According to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), the onboard Nigerian naval guards returned fire resulting in the attackers retreating into their boat and escaping. One guard was injured during the shooting and was given first aid by the crew.
“The MT San Padre Pio has not only been detained for a considerable period of time but also that the vessel and its crew are exposed to constant danger to their security and safety,” ITLOS said.
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